Laparoscopy - a special kind of sparing surgery in which surgery is performed on the internal organs through small puncture using a special device equipped with the optical tube and the lens system.This method allows patients to recover faster after surgery, thus reducing the risk of postoperative complications, often with abdominal operations.
special optical system allows a 40-fold increase in the desired portion of the abdomen or pelvis, to see the object from different directions at different angles.This allows surgeons to notice the smallest details, which during normal operation could escape their attention.
Scope laparoscopic surgery is quite wide.With laparoscopy, you can perform various diagnostic tests on the abdominal organs and pelvis: the material is ta
ken for histology, the study of the contents of the internal organs, the changes in them, and a special camera system allows you to record the operation on digital media.
good effect is achieved in the treatment of abdominal wall hernias, removal of the appendix, gallbladder, gastric surgery, the 12-duodenum, colon, kidney, and liver, etc.Widespread laparoscopic surgery in gynecology sterilization, removal of tumors, ectopic pregnancy, endometriosis and so forth.
Laparoscopic surgery is performed under general anesthesia.The patient makes several incisions in the skin and anterior abdominal wall through which instruments are special.For a better view of the abdominal cavity introduced a certain amount of carbon dioxide.After that, the internal organs become available for review and holding on to them the necessary actions.
doctor performs the necessary steps, watching the progress of the operation on the screen, controlling special surgical instruments.Tissues removed a special device to prevent the development of blood loss, biopsy tissue taken special forceps.
Upon completion of the tools are extracted from punctures, but they are closed with stitches.In memory of the surgery the patient is 3-4 small incision (1.5-2 cm) on the skin that eventually become completely invisible.
For laparoscopy, like any surgery, there are some contraindications, but the list is much shorter than with open surgery.It is impossible to carry out a laparoscopy with decompensated heart disease, vascular and respiratory system;hemophilia and hemorrhagic diathesis, acute and chronic renal hepatic insufficiency.