Guide
1
first degree burns manifest local redness and soreness unexpressed.When sunburn may be affected by a large area of ​​the body, this process causes an increase in total body temperature to subfebrile figures.In this case it is necessary to drink antipyretic ("Aspirin", "Analgin" "Paracetamol", "Aspirin") and treat damaged skin special anti spray or cream ("Panthenol" "Livian").
2
Remember that when you get burned, violated the integrity of the skin, so you can not enjoy the people's means.Prohibited smear burns vegetable oil and sour cream - such actions may lead to infection of the wound surface.Moreover, the creation of carnival or adipose film impairs breathing skin that slows down the recovery.
3
Second-degree burns are characterized by the appearance of bubbl
es on the surface of bright congested.Bubbles occasionally burst or opened under aseptic conditions with a sterile tool, thereby forming a wound surface.Such burns require more careful treatment with antibacterials.
4
the treatment of burn wound surface is treated with an antiseptic solution - "Furatsilin", "Hydrogen Peroxide", with the aim of anesthesia damaged skin is treated with a solution of sterile analgesic ("Novocaine," "Lidocaine").In place of the burn ointments "Levomekol", "Solkoseril", "tselestoderm" and others, which contain a part of anti-inflammatory and regenerative substances.In the first week after the burn wound dressing is required to close that change every 12 hours to avoid infection.With the development of the wound infection, accompanied by copious purulent discharge, the patient is prescribed broad-spectrum antibiotics - "Amoxiclav", "cefotaxime", "Supraks" etc.
5
Burns third and fourth degree are characterized by lesions of the deep layers of skin and muscle.Such wounds are accompanied by loss of protein, asthe contents of the large bubbles represented by blood plasma.In the treatment of burns 3-4 degrees is used not only local ointments, and injections analgesics, sometimes narcotic becausepain symptom is so pronounced that the patient may develop shock.The patient is administered intravenously drip-donor plasma, anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics.Such deep burns often accompanied by necrosis of the damaged tissue, which exacerbates the healing process and requires transplant surgery skin.Surgery is extremely dangerous for weakened patients on the verge of a shock, but vital.