cessation of the damaging factors


first step is to remove the victim's clothing impregnated with alkali burn surface and rinse with running water.With assistance immediately after the incident, the duration of the event is not less than twenty minutes.If the victim first aid was provided with a delay, the wash should be at least forty minutes.

to neutralize the alkali solutions are used acids: citric acid, boric, acetic.For example, added a teaspoon of boric acid and 9% vinegar in a glass of water.With The resulting solution make gadgets.

If alkali or its vapor gets into your eyes or mouth, you should also wash with plenty of water, and then - acid solutions.

If alkali gets inside, you'll first nee
d to remove the contents of the oral cavity (saliva, mucus).The patient must be put, put on his stomach cold and wait for the arrival of ambulance crews.If the patient has vomited, you need to give him to drink 2-3 glasses of water.Thus the alkali concentration decreases, and hence the cauterizing effect on the esophagus will not be so pronounced.

Pain Remedy

pain when poisoning aggressive substances is a must event.When external burns, the patient can be given any painkillers in tablet form ("Analgin", "Baralgin", "Nurofen", etc.) and make the cold to the affected area.When the digestive tract burns self-administration of these funds is prohibited.In this case, you must wait for an ambulance.

first medical aid is carried out by the rescue squad arrived at the scene.In most cases, non-narcotic analgesics analgesia held in injectable form "Analgin" "Baralgin" in combination with "Ketonalom" or "seduksenom".To achieve the best effect of the drug is administered intravenously.If

struck a large area of ​​skin and the patient is in a coma, the pain relief in this case is not required.


Transportation

affected patients in serious condition to be transported to hospital.It is desirable for this to happen no later than two hours after the accident.Transportation must be carried out in the presence of resuscitation in the ongoing anti-shock therapy.

contraindication is later burnt transportation by air transport, especially if the patient has a history of arrhythmias and heart failure.