Types and features of dialysis



The kidneys are responsible for many important processes.For example, they purified the body of excess fluids, toxins, salts.It is a hormone synthesized by the kidney renin, which is responsible for the balance of the blood and water as well as produce the prostaglandins responsible for the blood pressure.Failure of the kidneys can lead to serious problems or death.

various ailments in the kidneys can be transformed into renal failure.Because of her vital organs can not properly function, so that there is intoxication.Today, medicine is able to perform the procedure without the aid of blood purification of
the kidneys.This method is called dialysis, which can be of two types.

first type of dialysis is the most common and is called "dialysis".This procedure is performed once or twice a week under the supervision of medical staff.To perform hemodialysis requires "artificial kidney" and a special filter.

In the vein of a patient injected two needles that deliver the output of blood from the body and its return.To prevent the material to be cleaned help minimize taken in advance of the tablet.The device is filled with dialysate, which carries blood purification and filling it with the necessary microelements.Thus, there extrarenal filtration excretes pollutants, salts, and excess fluid.

second type of dialysis - peritoneal.Goal procedure similar to dialysis, but differs in another approach.In this case, for the purification of the body using internal resources.The peritoneal cavity catheter through which the fluid to be filtered.The main "work" falls on the intestinal wall.

What type of dialysis is best?



type of dialysis is usually selected by the attending physician.The main criteria is the style and way of life, his habits, the presence / absence of concomitant diseases and so on. In addition, the patient is prescribed a strict diet, vitamins and special medicines.Man "dialysis" also need to closely monitor the quality and quantity of drunk liquid.

hemodialysis advantage is convenience and sterility.The procedure is performed only in the presence of medical personnel, who carefully monitors all parameters.The drawback - the need for regular visits to the place of dialysis.

Peritoneal Dialysis seems more comfortable: it can be carried out independently at home.However, many scares the need to carry out the procedure on a daily basis, several times a day.Also, there is a risk of infection if the patient neglects safety regulations.