First aid for chemical burns
If a dangerous drug - concentrated alkali, acid or salt of some heavy metals - gets on your skin, you need as quickly as possible to remove it, wash under running cold water.Keep the injured area in the water must be not less than 25 minutes, it is better to use a hose.In the case where the skin got burnt lime, rinse it with water in any case impossible.Remove it with a dry clean cloth.If it is a different drug in powder form, it is necessary to thoroughly shake the body surface before wash the skin. If the skin got a potent poison, wash it off with warm water and soap.That he was not absorbed i
Note the general condition of the victim - if you burn a strong man can remain in a state of shock, his signs are fainting, paleness, "ragged" pulse, shallow, but fast breathing.If necessary, give it a sniff of a cotton swab soaked in ammonia, wash your face with cold water.Items and clothing items, which got a chemical must be removed.Proceed carefully, so that a chemical is not horrible and you skin.In order not to increase the area of the lesion, cut clothing.
washed skin area treated with a solution of baking soda, a solution of 1 teaspoon in a glass of water.If the active substance - alkali, rinsing, use boric acid or citric acid, add 1 teaspoon per cup of water, you can use a vinegar solution.Gently pat dry with a piece of sterile bandage and make it a dressing that protects the wound from getting infections.If complaints continue to burn, the burn should be washed again. If a chemical gets into the eyes, wash them with plenty of running cold water or a lower face of a large container filled with water.Refer the patient to an ophthalmologist.
precautions when working with chemicals
Getting Started with hazardous chemicals, check their properties and instructions for their use, as well as on the measures to be taken in the event of contact with skin andeyes.Use during special clothing or closed tightly woven suit and goggles.If the burn area is more than 5-8 cm in diameter or damaged first layer of skin, give first aid, invoke the "fast" or take the victim to the clinic.