Tip 1: How to prevent allergies

According to doctors, nearly 30% of Russian citizens is allergic to one or another form.It is a kind of defensive reaction to the impact of various environmental factors, which the body recognizes as potentially dangerous.

Guide
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Manifestations of allergic reactions to external stimuli are quite diverse.This persistent runny nose, and itchy, and watery, and even swelling.They are not as harmless as they seem at first glance: nedolechennaya allergy can lead to quite serious illnesses, and some of its forms, for example, angioedema, can even be life-threatening.Therefore, if you have previous experience allergic reactions, such as a food or pollen, you should do everything possible to prevent the return of these unpleasant phenomena.
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most common type of allergy - the so-called allergic rhinitis or hay fever, the cause of which are flowering plants.Since this phenomenon is seasonal, to the aggravation of hay fever should be prepared in advance.Review your daily routine: as little as po
ssible are on the streets in the hours when the content of pollen in the air as much as possible: up to 11 hours in the morning and late at night.Avoid walking in the green areas.Remember: the ideal weather for you - cloudy or even rainy, sunny and dry days also try to limit exposure to the air.Rinse mouth and nose with saline twice a day, if possible keep the windows closed.To avoid allergic conjunctivitis, do not go out without sun glasses or ordinary.
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These same symptoms can cause other stimuli such as animal dander or substances contained in household products.Popular factory detergents and cleaning agents in this case, replace the baking soda or dry mustard.To use the washing machine or laundry soap.If the cause of allergies - a pet, then it is unfortunately necessary to leave.
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Allergies to food - is also quite common.Most often it manifests itself in the form of skin rashes.To prevent it, avoid products with a lot of dyes and preservatives: pastry, fizzy drinks.Not worth eating and fast food, crackers and chips.However, in many cases, allergy can cause very high-quality products: citrus fruits, chocolate, eggs, milk, and even potatoes.In this situation it is necessary to limit their intake or altogether abandon them for a while.
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often cause allergies can be a means of caring is usually cheap.Where advice can be only one: if you are prone to allergic reactions, use only high-quality cosmetics and proven best - hypoallergenic.In no event should not be used a means of caring expired.
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those who constantly suffer from allergies, you should consult a doctor, allergist.Specialist help is exactly set its source through a series of special tests and advise appropriate treatment and effective prevention with anti-allergic drugs.

Tip 2: How to prevent flooding

Flood - natural disaster, which could lead to significant loss of life and extensive material damage.The sad irony is that the misfortune of man brings water, vital to him.From time immemorial people settled on the banks of reservoirs.But if the water level will rise suddenly and sharply, for example, because of heavy rains, strong winds, tides, etc., it can turn into a dangerous enemy.
How to prevent flooding
Guide
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Of course, you can not argue with the elements.But at reasonable precautions taken in advance can minimize the damage, and most importantly - save lives.For example, in places that are prone to frequent and severe flooding, it is necessary to build protective walls (dams).It was rescued from the dam flooded the whole country - the Netherlands, a large part of whose territory lies below sea level.The second largest city of Russia - Saint Petersburg - often suffered from devastating floods.After the construction of the dam spanning the Neva Bay, this risk was reduced to a minimum.
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In many parts of the coast of Japan, subject to shocks tsunami waves, also built dams.If the wave height is not too large, they successfully resist their onslaught.But, of course, with especially strong tsunami (in March 2011), even they will not help.
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huge role in preventing floods on the rivers play a system of dams and reservoirs.For example, during heavy and prolonged rains, especially in the highlands, where the water, without having to soak into the ground, flows on the slopes, the river can quickly spill, causing flooding.If the channel of the river dammed, flooding can be prevented.Firstly, in most cases, before the dam when there is a natural reservoir, which can take a large amount of additional water.Secondly, even if the level of the reservoir will rise to alarming limits, the excess water can be reset through the same dam by opening the valve.Of course, dams and reservoirs, can not give a 100% guarantee to prevent flooding.But their risk of repeatedly reduced.
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simple and effective, although time consuming way - the construction of protective trees along the banks of the river.As a rule, they are made of sandbags, if the water level rises alarmingly.These works, in case of necessity, involve not only the rescuers, but also the military, law enforcement, volunteers from the civilian population.Shafts are building in those places, which primarily threatens flooding.
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