a healthy person, the insulin produced by the pancreas, if it does not work, and this hormone is not enough, there is diabetes.This disease is classified into two types: insulin-dependent and non-insulin dependent diabetes.

first type of diabetes usually occurs in young people, the disease severe enough, and as a treatment for ill give insulin injections at regular intervals throughout their lives.In addition, the patient requires constant monitoring of blood sugar levels and a very strict diet.

type II diabetes (non-insulin dependent) most often occurs in people aged over 40 years, usually because of overweight and sedentary lifestyles.A person with this diagnosis initially prescribed a diet with the exception of diet
products containing rapidly digestible carbohydrates.Subsequently, the physician observes the patient and, if necessary, assigns an additional treatment, such as hypoglycemic tablet, and if they do not work, then there is insulin.

Causes of diabetes


a role here can play a genetic predisposition, so if you have relatives with this disease, try to eliminate the possibility of other factors, so as not to get sick.
These factors include: obesity, diseases of the pancreas, severe stress. impetus to the development of the disease can also be transferred to some viral infections such as rubella, chickenpox, infectious hepatitis and others.

symptoms


Symptoms of the disease include: constant thirst, dry mouth, frequent urination, constant feeling of weakness and fatigue, a temporary loss of, or blurred vision, sudden weight fluctuations, heaviness in the legs, numbness and tingling of extremities, dizziness, reduced body temperature, the appearance of cramps in the legs. Note also the long-term healing of wounds or abrasions and protracted transfer of viral infections or colds.

One - two of these symptoms can be caused by various reasons, but if you find yourself at five or more of these features - it is a reason to see a doctor and take a blood test to determine the level of glucose in the blood.

Treatment of diabetes


Unfortunately, this disease is incurable, but it is possible to live for many years, almost a normal life, assuming full compliance with all requirements of the treating physician.

very presence of diabetes is rarely fatal, with regular administration of insulin, but it can cause many unpleasant complications such as stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, blindness, gangrene and the appearance of others.