Guide
1
Congenital umbilical hernia can be found still in the hospital.It is a round-shaped protrusion of the navel, the size of a pea to the size of a walnut.Content hernia - bowel loops.When crying, straining, and constipation in a child protrusion increases, but does not cause discomfort to the kid.If the hernia vpravimaya, it can easily be right, but with an increase in abdominal pressure, it sticks out again.Most hernias occur in premature infants that have not yet matured muscles anterior abdominal wall.
2
Acquired umbilical hernia is also found.It usually is diagnosed in children after a year.Parents are beginning to pay attention to the appearance of the "bumps" in or near the navel.Hernia increases
during crying, straining, coughing and sneezing baby, as well as upright and heavy lifting.Hernia can provoke chronic constipation, flatulence, and rickets.
3
Medical tactic umbilical hernia usually is expectant and conservative.Child prescribe special exercises and massage, ie measures aimed at strengthening the abdominal muscles.Massage should perform professional.Little baby should frequently spread on the stomach.It is imperative to normalize baby chair, we recommend prolonged breastfeeding.Sometimes the hernial protrusion glued plaster to restore the contents of the hernia sac into the abdominal cavity.If all these measures do not help to resort to surgery.
4
Inguinal hernias are more common in boys.They are stepping intestinal loops through the inguinal canal into the scrotum.There are unilateral and bilateral hernia, congenital (usually) and acquired.Diagnosis of inguinal hernia is not particularly difficult.The boy has significantly increased the right or left of the scrotum (a double-sided hernia increases the whole scrotum).It becomes even more when crying, straining the child.If you attach to the membrane of the phonendoscope enlarged portion of the scrotum, you can hear the sound of gut motility (rumbling).Ultrasound confirms the diagnosis.Conservative treatment is almost does not help, so sick children is a routine operation.It is preferably carried out after 1 year.
5
Inguinal hernia in girls is very rare.And it looks like protrusion in the groin (on one or both sides) or swelling in the area of ​​the labia majora.Flexing increases in size when coughing, crying, sneezing, straining, constipation.In this area auscultated peristalsis.An ultrasound revealed bowel loops in the projection of swelling.Treatment usually surgical.