symptoms of coronary heart disease
At the initial stage of developing coronary heart disease symptoms may be entirely absent.To explain it very simply.The vessels have a pathological process begins, formed cholesterol plaques are small, but gaps still wide and the blood supply to the heart muscle is not broken or disturbed only slightly.
In the second stage plaques and grow close to 50% of the free lumen of blood vessels.The patient begins to disturb the increased pressure in laboratory studies revealed a high level of blood sugar and high cholesterol.The initial remodeling processes in the arteries leading to heart failure.
the third stage of coronary heart disease all symptoms are clearly marked character.The artery becomes narrowed as much
final stage coronary artery disease is characterized by the phenomena of congestive heart failure.Observed congestion in the lungs, edema, atrial fibrillation and high blood pressure.Chest pain not only occur at the slightest exertion, but also in a state of complete rest.
at any time on the third and fourth stages of the disease can occur heart attack.Timely to provide medical assistance to prevent instantaneous cardiac arrest.But after the first heart attack for accelerated coronary artery disease, which inevitably leads to reinfarction.
Coronary heart disease: treatment
The earlier treatment is started, the better the chance that abnormal vasoconstriction be stopped.This will significantly improve the quality and length of life of the patient.
key points of successful treatment of coronary heart disease are:
- Maintaining normal blood pressure;
- Normalization of cholesterol and glucose in blood;
- moderate physical activity;
- healthy lifestyle;
- Compliance with a diet low in animal fats and carbohydrates;
- Refusal of bad habits.
Surgical treatment is prescribed to patients who have completely blocked artery cholesterol plaque.In other instances, the medical methods.
To maintain blood pressure in the normal prescribed ACE inhibitors: "Enalapril" "Enap" "Lisinopril" or angiotensin receptor blockers "Diovan" "Losap" "Atacand," beta blockers "Konkor" "Egilok".
cupping rational use of nitrates "Nitromintum", "Izoket" nitroglycerin.Also, the patient is prescribed drugs that reduce the viscosity of the blood, lowering cholesterol and sugar, diuretics.
patients with coronary heart disease should regularly visit the doctor to adjust the treatment in a timely manner.The cardiologist takes control of such patients.