Sedatives and types



Preparations of this group are able to reduce the excitability of the central nervous system, have a regulating effect on her, restoring the balance between excitation and inhibition, and if necessary, strengthen the processes of inhibition.Sedative drugs have a less pronounced effect psychosedative than tranquilizers, and do not possess hypnotic and muscle relaxant properties, and, importantly, do not cause ataxia.

The systematic use of sedation for a long time, mental drug dependency does not occur to them.At the recommended therapeutic doses sedatives are not able to have a soporific effect.However, providing a soothing effect on the central nervous system, they can trigger the onset and deepening of sleep.

There are sedatives synthetic and vegetable or
igin.From herbal drugs widely used as means on the basis of medicinal herbs such as: cardiac motherwort, valerian, lemon balm, patrinia average (stone valerian), Passionflower inkarnatnaya, peony and tropical plants Capsicum family of kava kava.The pharmacological effects of herbal sedatives are very diverse.For example, valerian in addition to sedation, associated with a decrease in excitability of the central nervous system, has inflammatory properties, improves coronary circulation, regulates the heart, increases the secretion of the glands of the gastrointestinal tract, and enhances bile secretion.

similar to valerian effects on the body has motherwort, providing also antihypertensive effect and reducing the heart rate.Passion flower and peony has additional anticonvulsant effect.Melissa inherent antipruritic, anti-hypertensive, antispasmodic, and preventing arrhythmia action.In addition, it has a slight choleretic effect, favorable helps restore intestinal flora and enhancing secretion of the gastrointestinal tract.Kava kava has excellent sedative, antibacterial and analgesic effects.

drugs having a sedative effect



calming effect is also characteristic of certain medications that are often not considered as a means of influencing the central nervous system.For such drugs sedation is accompanying main pharmacological effects.For example, marked sedation observed with diuretic acetazolamide ("Diakarb"), some antihypertensives - clonidine hydrochloride ("Clonidine") or metildofy.Sedatives and in some cases even soporific effect of some antihistamines have in chasnosti diphenhydramine hydrochloride ("Diphenhydramine") and Promethazine.

To achieve the best therapeutic effect is very important the correct choice of sedation or an appropriate combination of drugs and establish the most effective dose, which can be determined only after prior consultation of a specialist.