Penicillin



One of the biggest groups of broad-spectrum antibiotics that have proven effective in the treatment of many diseases are penicillins.To discharge these antibiotics are "Amoxicillin", "Ampicillin", "Augmentin", "Penicillin", "Oxacillin".Penicillin has antibacterial properties, and their action is based on the destruction of the membrane of bacteria.As a result, damage to the shell pathogen die.Penicillin cope with staphylococcus, streptococcus, gonorrhea, syphilis, meningitis.Also, the drug proved to be effective in the treatment of upper respiratory tract inflammation.

Cephalosporins



to cephalosporins are antibiotics, whose action is based on aminocephalosporanic acid.Unlike penicillin, this group of drugs is more stable enzymes (beta-lactamas
es) which are produced by some species of bacteria.Among drugs of this group may be mentioned "Cefazolin" "Cephalexin" "Cefuroxime" "Cefaclor" "ceftriaxone" "Cefepime" and "Tseftrobiprol".



Macrolides Macrolides are different from other antibiotics because they are less toxic and are the most secure.Macrolide antibiotics are among the safest and most have a limited number of side effects.Drugs not affect the central nervous system, it does not influence the development of vascular disease.In the application of these drugs it is also very rare anaphylactic reactions occur, intoxication syndrome and diarrhea.Additional macrolides can note "erythromycin", "midecamycin" "Spiramycin" "Josamycin" "Dirithromycin", etc.



Tetracyclines Tetracyclines have one of the strongest antimicrobial effects, are highly resistant and do drugs in this group are similar in their characteristics.Among the antibiotics of this group may be noted, "Tetracycline", "Doxycycline" "Oxytetracycline", "chlortetracycline."Drugs are particularly effective against bacteria and influence certain protozoa.

aminoglycosides



aminoglycosides differ efficacy against gram-negative bacteria.Drugs in this group are most often used in the treatment of urinary tract infections and skin lesions provoked by various bacteria, including abrasions.Among the antibiotics of this group can be mentioned "Streptomycin" "neomycin", "Gentamycin" "Amikacin".



Fluoroquinolones Fluoroquinolones - broad-spectrum antibiotics, which are structurally different from the others because of their origin.Unlike other drugs, fluoroquinolones have no natural counterpart and are synthetic.Drugs active against gram negative bacteria and to affect the genetic structure of bacteria.Especially drug effective against respiratory tract infections, meningitis and infectious diseases of the genitourinary system.Among the drugs can be mentioned "Ciprofloxacin", "Ofloxacin", "levofloxacin" "Moxifloxacin" etc.