What is the gamma globulin
Gamma globulin - a representative fraction of blood serum proteins of immunoglobulins, which contain antibodies.There are three main types of gamma globulin.On the surface there are various antiviral and antibacterial antibodies: anti-virus polio, measles, typhoid, and pertussis agglutinins and antitoxins - diphtheria or staphylococcal.This determines the prophylactic and therapeutic effect of gamma-globulin.
, preparations of gamma globulin from the donor or from placental blood of healthy people.Form release - 10% solution.As the solvent, use of 0.85% sodium chloride solution.Before using the product is checked for harmlessness, sterile and pyrogen-free, which is a lack of ability to raise the temperature of the body after administration.
Gamma Globulin - effective means of immunization, leading to the creation of a temporary passive immunity against a variety of infectious diseases.
The use of gamma globulin
Gamma globulin is most commonly used for the treatment and prevention of infectious diseases in children.Prevention of measles is a single administration of 3 ml of the drug to healthy children from 3 months.up to 4 years for all patients, and immunocompromised individuals, contact with patients with measles.Formed passive immunity and lasts for months.
Prevention of pertussis and parakoklyusha is the introduction of gamma globulin healthy children who had contact with the patients.For the treatment of disease are administered 3ml drug three times every 2 days.Its use in the catarrhal period reduces the frequency and severity of coughing spells.
gamma globulin used for mass immunization and prevention of a number of infections in children's groups.So, at the outbreak of adenovirus infection in the kindergarten children are vaccinated at the rate of 0.3 ml per 1 kg of body weight of the child.Such an event reduces the risk of infection of healthy children and the sick allows easier for the disease.
For the treatment and prevention of disease or epidemic hepatitis Botkin all children from nursery to primary school age planning Gamma globulin is administered at a dose of 1 ml.This provides protection against HCV disease within six months.Use of gamma globulin to treat severe forms of hepatitis, which helps reduce the jaundice period, recovery of liver function and reduce the likelihood of complications.
Gamma globulin has a stimulating effect, so its application is justified for the treatment of children with chronic inflammatory diseases along with antibiotics.