Hypothyroidism in children



One type of thyroid disease in children is hypothyroidism - insufficient production of thyroid hormones.Hypothyroidism can be congenital or acquired.In congenital disease pathology is in the thyroid gland.The disease occurs due hypoplasia or aplasia of the thyroid gland the iodine deficiency in the mother, with genetic defects systems biosynthesis and metabolism of hormones.

Primary acquired hypothyroidism occurs when iodine deficiency, inflammatory or immune lesions of the thyroid gland.The cause of the disease may be in the pit
uitary.By reducing the secretion of TSH occurs secondary hypothyroidism, it appears in children with birth trauma, after meningoencephalitis after brain injury.Secondary hypothyroidism can be a consequence of cancer.Hypothyroidism may develop a goiter due to chronic infectious diseases or after prolonged use of iodide.Goiter is often formed in the thyroid makrofolikuly which comprise colloid.
Tertiary hypothyroidism occurs with a decrease in the secretion of TSH by the hypothalamus.

deficit of TSH causes a change in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, it causes irreversible changes in the brain and intelligence, growth retardation and skeletal development, reduced muscle function, endocrine glands, hematopoietic system, there is a delay of mental, physical and sexual development.

Manifestations of the disease depend on the degree of dysfunction of the thyroid gland and the age of the child.The older the child, the less hypothyroidism affect its future growth and development.When illness occurs weakness, poor tolerance of cold, fatigue, weight gain, memory loss, hair loss, skin becomes pale and dry.As the main disease treatment prescribed thyroid hormones.

Hyperthyroidism in children


hyperthyroidism - thyroid disease, caused by an excess of thyroid hormones in the body of the child.Congenital hyperthyroidism is associated with the amount of thyroid-stimulating antibodies in pregnant women, their high concentration in the blood of the mother is likely to cause thyroid disease in the newborn.Hyperthyroidism in children disappears within the first three months, sometimes lasting several years.Children appear premature, with increased shchitovidkoj.Growing up, he becomes excitable, restless and have increased activity.The disease can be suspected in the face of the child: these children are often the eyes wide open and look pooped.The skin becomes dry, thinning hair and nails often appear edema. most frequent endocrine disorder at giperterioza Albright Syndrome - premature sexual development of the child.

Hyperthyroidism Albright syndrome is associated with the appearance of single or multiple adenomatous nodes in the thyroid gland.This raises the fibrous dysplasia of the skeleton, skin pigmentation acts, the function of the endocrine glands become overactive.The disease can occur in children aged 3-12 years.Treatment of hyperthyroidism with antithyroid drugs is carried out.