Each month after ovulation mature egg travels down the fallopian tube from the ovary towards the uterus.Under certain circumstances, the sperm are moving to meet her.If the meeting held on germ cells, fertilization occurred, the embryo is formed, which also have to reach the fallopian tube to the uterus to be implanted there, and only then became pregnant.

This momentous events may prevent the obstruction of the fallopian tubes.

Types and causes of obstruction

obstruction of the fallopian tubes may be full or affects only one pipe.It may consist of adhesions around the pipes, clogging them channel, abuse or villous activity cuts the pipe.In the latter two cases, the lumen of the tube remains free, but the movement of the fertilized egg difficult.

main cause obstruction of th
e fallopian tubes are inflammatory diseases of the female organs.The width of the lumen of the fallopian tube is not more than 1 cm, and it is easily filled with pus or mucus.If untreated, this leads to scarring and adhesions.Especially dangerous are hidden genital infections are asymptomatic: mycoplasmosis, chlamydiosis, ureaplasmosis.In these cases, the woman has no idea that sick and not treated.

no less dangerous tuberculosis, which affects not only the lungs, but other organs including genital.The appearance of a complete obstruction of the fallopian tubes and other developmental abnormalities of the female organs are most likely to get TB if a girl in puberty.

Other reasons - endometriosis, cancer of the female organs.This anomaly occurs in women who have had abortions, ectopic pregnancy, surgery for abdominal organs (such as removal of the appendix).

Symptoms and Diagnosis

If obstruction of pipes connected with some recurrent inflammatory disease, a woman may feel pain during intercourse and during menstruation, can be observed copious yellow.But this is not always, very often this state is not shown in any way, the only sign of his inability to become pregnant.

determine the cause of infertility, the doctor must verify the existence and obstruction of pipes.This is done by gidrosonografii: injected into the uterus sterile saline solution and then using ultrasound monitor, where he follows.In the normal state solution tubes will flow through them into the abdominal cavity, and when obstruction does not happen, and the queen will be expanded.This method may not accurately diagnose a partial obstruction.

more informative hysterosalpingography - x-ray of the uterus and tubes, made after the administration of contrast medium into the uterus.

most effective laparoscopy.This method allows not only to diagnose obstruction of pipes, and other possible causes of infertility: polycystic ovaries, endometriosis.Some violations are eliminated in the process of diagnosis - for example, cut through adhesions.