Usually, women in the position of doctors try to avoid actions associated with the use of drugs, particularly anesthetics.Therefore, if the situation allows, the operation is delayed until the birth of the baby.Exceptions are emergency surgery, threatening the mother's life, acute dental problems.According to statistics, the frequency of use of pain medications in pregnant women is 1-2%.
anesthesia may adversely affect the pregnancy in any of his term.This is due to the ability of an organism to cause abnormalities in the unborn baby and severe injuries, as well as the risk of fetal asphyxia and his subsequent death, it is likely to improve the tone of the uterus, often resulting in miscarriage or premature birth.
most dangerous period for the application of ane
sthesia is a segment between 2 and 8 weeks.It was in this period is the formation of all the internal organs and systems baby.In the third trimester, the load on the female body reaches its maximum, this can lead to premature birth.Therefore, in cases of need for surgery, doctors are trying to move them in the second trimester, between 14 and 28 weeks.At this time, systems and organs of the fetus are formed, and uterus not react to external stimuli.
Medical studies have shown that most of the pain medications are safe enough for the mother and child.According to experts, the main role in the development of abnormalities in the fetus is not the anesthetic technique and anesthesia - it is important to prevent a decline in blood pressure in the future mother and the level of oxygen in the blood.
In small doses are not harmful to the pregnant woman and the baby Morphine, glycopyrolate, Promedol.Small doses in combination with other drugs for intravenous anesthesia using Ketamine.But it should be borne in mind that the long-term use can cause it to increase the tone of the uterus.As the local anesthetic lidocaine is used, which has the property to penetrate through the placenta, but quickly eliminated from the body of the child.
Sometimes used nitrous oxide anesthesia and diazepam, but they adversely affect the fetus, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy.The majority of experts schitaayut that topical anesthetics with adrenaline in the structure should not be in pregnant sharp narrowing of blood vessels and the violation of the influx of blood to the placenta.
Epidural and local anesthesia during pregnancy are the safest ways of anesthesia.If you can not use them, resorted to a multicomponent anesthesia with mechanical ventilation and subsequent tocolytic therapy.