How to apply "Lidocaine" ampoules

«Lidocaine" released as a solution for injection (ampoules) and in the form of a spray.Injections of 2% was used for local anesthesia.The drug is injected subcutaneously, intramuscularly, instilled into the conjunctival sac, mucous handle them.For conductive anesthesia used 100-200 mg funds.In order analgesia ears, nose, fingers administered 40-60 mg.To achieve maximum therapeutic effect can additionally use the "Epinephrine".

ophthalmic formulation was instilled in 4-6 drops in each eye, and 2 drops every 30-60 seconds.In order terminal anesthesia "lidocaine" is used in the maximum allowable dose of - 20 ml, treatment should continue for 15-30 minutes.10% "lidocaine" is used for operations, diagnostic procedures.It is administered intramuscularly, and are used in the form of applications.The maximum allowable
amount for applications - 2 ml.

Before applying "Lidocaine" need to conduct allergy tests to detect susceptibility to the drug.If you see swelling or redness, use the anesthesia impossible.When using "Lidocaine" ampoules need to monitor the ECG, it is impossible to disinfect the injection site with solutions containing heavy metals.The drug inhibits nerve conduction by blocking the sodium channels in the nerve endings, fibers.Action "Lidocaine" can last up to 75 minutes and in combination with "epinephrine" - more than 2 hours.

«Lidocaine": side effects, contraindications

«Lidocaine" may cause the following side effects: fatigue, headache, fatigue, photophobia, euphoria, nystagmus, numbness of the tongue, lips, hearing loss, nightmares, drowsiness, double visionthe eyes, pressure reduction, transverse heart block, arrhythmias and conduction of the heart, chest pain, paralysis of the respiratory muscles, violation of sensitivity, tremors, seizures.Also, the drug can cause allergic reactions, shortness of breath, vomiting, nausea, drop in body temperature, chills, fever.

«lidocaine" is contraindicated in atrioventricular block 2 and 3rd degree heart failure 2 and grade 3, hypertension, bradycardia, cardiogenic shock, a complete transverse heart block, myasthenia gravis, porphyria, severe liver disease, renal disease, glaucoma(for ocular injection), hypovolemia, hypersensitivity, during pregnancy and lactation.