Tip 1: What is folic acid during pregnancy

Almost all of the world's population in one way or another lacks the necessary element of such as folic acid.However, few people know how important it is for the body, especially for pregnant women and children.

Most often invisible deficiency of folic acid, but after a while the sick person loses his appetite, he increased fatigue, hair falls out and there are sores on the oral mucosa.The lack of folic acid affects many organ systems, and the serious deficiency may even lead to death.

Folic acid, also known as vitamin B9, in small quantities can be produced by intestinal microflora, but this is not enough to cover the needs of the organism in this vitamin.That is why it is important to provide adequate amounts of folic acid, which enters the human body with food.

During pregnancy, a woman needs to be significantly more folic acid than before.The fact is that vitamin B9 plays an important role in the formation of the placenta, which is why its deficiency can cause placental insufficiency, and ev
en premature termination of pregnancy.The complex of vitamins B9 and B12 is essential for cell division, so folic acid is particularly nuzhnav period of nucleation and growth of the embryo.In addition, this vitamin is involved in blood formation and the formation of nucleic acids, which are responsible for the accurate transmission of hereditary characteristics.

Folic acid is particularly important for the formation of the neural tube baby.Deficiency of this vitamin invariably leads to severe malformations, such as hydrocephalus, encephalocele, congenital deformities, lack of brain, delay physical and mental development, stillbirth.The lack of such a useful vitamin affects the state of health of the pregnant woman, as she was suffering from toxemia, anemia, depression, pain in the legs.

laying the foundations of physical and psychological health of the child takes place during the early stages of pregnancy, so the folic acid must be ingested in sufficient quantities throughout pregnancy.

The best source of vitamin B9 is a plant with green leaves, such as parsley, lettuce, Brussels sprouts, broccoli.It is also found in avocados, citrus fruits, melons, beans, apricots.In winter, this vitamin deficiency is particularly likely since the diet is not too much fresh vegetables.As animal sources is best to choose the liver, as well as fish, cheese and meat.

Tip 2: What is folic acid

Folic acid (vitamin B9) has many useful properties.In particular, it is necessary for the production of happiness hormones in the body (serotonin and endorphins), so some scientists call it "Vitamin a good mood."
What is folic acid

benefits of folic acid for the body

Folic acid affects cell division, development of all tissues, normalizes the immune system, has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system.In normal intestinal microflora can synthesize a number of folic acid.This vitamin is necessary for the body to synthesis of enzymes, amino acids, ribonucleic and deoxyribonucleic chains.It has a positive effect on the function of the hematopoietic system, the digestive system, in particular for liver health.

Folic acid regulates the process of excitation and inhibition of nervous system transmits impulses between cells.Especially this vitamin is indispensable for women, its sufficient quantity in the body is the condition for normal pregnancy.This material significantly reduces the likelihood of premature birth and birth defects of the brain in children. Folic acid normalizes the emotional background of the postpartum period, smoothes menopausal disorders.

consequences of a lack of folic acid in the body

deficiency of folic acid in the body can be caused by lack of vitamin B9 in the products used in food, as well as a breach of synthesis formation of this substance intestinal microflora.Signs of deficiency of folic acid are unwarranted anxiety, fear, depression, memory impairment, confusion, digestive disorders, inflammation of the oral mucosa, anemia, early gray hair.Prolonged lack of vitamin B9 leads to nervous disorders, early menopause, the development of atherosclerosis, the appearance of stroke, heart attack. to the useful properties of folic acid were highest, you need to take it with vitamin B12.

main source of folic acid include green vegetables and wheat germ.In order to provide the body with these substances should be included in the diet of sprouted wheat, broccoli, spinach, asparagus, lettuce, salad, bran, soybeans, lentils, green onions, carrots, beets, tomatoes, yeast, wheat, products made from wheat flour, oat and buckwheat.Vitamin B9 can be taken further with frequent stressful situations, excessive physical and mental stress, during illness, pregnancy.The minimum daily intake of folic acid is 400 micrograms.Pregnant and lactating women need to drink it in amounts of 600 micrograms.