lung cyst: types and causes of



brush and cystiform formation in the lung are most common.They can be single or multiple, single and two-sided, single- and multi-chamber.In its origin, they are divided into true and false.True lung cysts are thin-walled cavitary rounded education, which are internally lined with bronchial epithelium, they contain air or clear liquid.All of them are innate, that is, their education was due to the formation of lung disorders in the embryo.False cyst is a consequence of the transferred public and private light injuries or diseases (tuberculosis, abscess).Such education is limited to a dense fibrous capsule.

parasitic cysts lung caused mainly echinococcus (Echinococcus granulosus).From abdominal cysts must be distinguished air of education (the so-called "bull"), which occur du
e to degeneration of lung tissue and the development of focal emphysema.Complications of cystic formations are their tears, infection and abscess.Suppuration can occur as indolent forms of pneumonia, as well as acute pneumonia or lung abscess.At the break of an abscess in the bronchi during cough released offensive, purulent sputum, its amount depends on the size of the cyst. severe complications of lung festering cysts - pneumoempyema: breaking wall formation with the arrival of the air and pus in the pleural cavity.In this case, the patient's condition deteriorates.

symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of lung cysts



Pulmonary cyst may be detected in children and adults.Cyst small size can proceed without any symptoms.At higher (by 5-6 cm in diameter) cysts there are complaints of pain in the chest, there is a dry cough, sometimes with the release of light, odorless viscous sputum.The main clinical feature of lung cysts at large is shortness of breath due to gas exchange abnormalities. Large cysts, especially in infants, accompanied by severe disorders of blood circulation and breathing, they represent a real threat to life.

the presence of the typical complaints of chest pain, shortness of breath and cough appointed by the X-ray examination, which diagnosed with lung cysts.A more complete picture gives spiral computed tomography, allowing completely to reveal the formation in the lungs and to distinguish them from benign and malignant tumors and other pathologies.Treatment of lung cysts - only operative.When suppuration applied conservative therapy, but it provides only a temporary effect.