begin with, that cholesterol was known in the eighteenth century.At the moment, it is an organic compound studied carefully.The main function of cholesterol in the body is to ensure its stability, which is essential for the synthesis of hormones and bile acid production.Cholesterol also helps the body to form new cells and insulate nerves.As a rule, it is produced by the liver and enters the body with food.
Studies conducted in 2006 showed that intensive therapy drugs to lower cholesterol, increased the life expectancy of patients by 81%.
Nowadays, there are two types of drugs that affect blood cholesterol is a statin and fibric acids.Typically, physicians often prescribe statins.Thus, statins - are chemicals that reduce the body's level of enzymes necessary for the synthesis
of cholesterol in the body.It is believed that these drugs reduce the concentration of cholesterol in the blood by inhibiting enzymes.The consequence of this is to reduce cholesterol synthesis in the liver.
Unfortunately, like many drugs, they have a large number of side effects.Very often, there may be insomnia, headache, nausea, constipation, flatulence.From the musculoskeletal system can cause back pain, muscle cramps, and myopathy.
As we said advertising, these drugs significantly increase the quality of life, reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke.However, use of these drugs the elderly is quite dangerous, because the potential harm to health can not be compared with a possible benefit for these patients.
One of the most well-known drugs registered in Russia are "Rosuvastatin", "atorvastatin" "Simvastatin", "Fluvastatin" and "Lovastatin."Generally, they lower the level of cholesterol by 25 to 55%.
There are other drugs called fibric acid derivatives.They bind with bile acids in the body, thereby reducing the production of cholesterol by the liver.Fibric acids lead to a decrease vysokososudistyh deposits, reduced levels of triglycerides and cholesterol in patients with hypercholesterolemia.The main manifestation of side effects may be indigestion, flatulence, and vomiting.
One of the newest preparty this group is "Ezetemib", which reduces the absorption of cholesterol in the intestine.But one of the most widely known - is "Orlistat" and its equivalents "Xenical" "Orsoten".
is worth remembering that at risk are people older than fifty years.If you walk into this group, should regularly monitor the level of cholesterol in the blood.And at the slightest deviation of it - see a doctor.