cyst - a benign cavernous, which may be in the soft tissue or bone and have a semi-liquid or liquid contents.Education can be neodontogennogo or odontogenic origin.
By odontogenic include radicular (residual, apical, lateral), epidermoid, paradental and follicular cysts.Neodontogennye neoplasms are subdivided into: nasopalatine (incisive canal) nasoalveolar (nasolabial) and globulomaksillyarnye (ball-maxillary).
radicular cysts occur most frequently.They arise as a result of chronic inflammation around the tooth root.Shell radicular cyst is formed by connective tissue, which is adjacent to the surrounding bone.Inside lined with epithelium formation.In the walls of the cyst and its cavity is present cholest
erol.Its presence is due to the collapse of cellular structures that are rich in lipids.When festering cysts observed inflammatory changes.In the mouth when radicular cyst can be palpated spherical protrusion, often painless.
Follicular cysts are often detected in children or young.These formations are not connected with festering teeth.On the X-ray detected in the cyst cavity crown impacted fully or partially formed permanent tooth.It should also be noted that the shell formation is attached, usually on the neck of the impacted tooth.The emergence of follicular cysts associated with impaired development of tooth germ.
epidermoid cyst, appearing in the jaw, have one or more cavities.Such education always has a thin shell and puncture revealed mushy content.
Fissuralnye cysts are not associated with gangrenous teeth and always have a characteristic position.Nasopalatine cysts are located in any part of the incisive canal.Fissuralnye nasolabial cysts may be found under the base of the nose wing in place of the nasolabial furrow.Globulomaksillyarnye - located between the canine and lateral incisor in the upper jaw.
cysts dental treatment often requires surgery.The best known are two surgical procedures to eliminate benign: cystectomy and cystotomy.When cystectomy the surgeon removes the entire cyst, while cystotomy only part of the shell.