Drug Usage "Calcium gluconate»
«Calcium Gluconate" is prescribed for diseases involving hypocalcemia (low calcium levels in the blood), violation of the conduction of nerve impulses in the muscle, increasing the permeability of cell membranes.The drug is also prescribed for violations of exchange of vitamin D, hypoparathyroidism, while the diet with calcium deficiency in the period of intensive growth. Calcium is needed by the body for the formation of bone tissue, for nerve impulse transmission, muscle contraction, blood clotting, heart muscle activity.With its deficit can develop various diseases.
It may appoint by prolonged bed rest, accompanied by increased excretion of calcium in patients with chronic diarrhea, bleeding of various origin, allergic diseases, bronchial asthma, parenchymal hepatitis, toxic liver damage.The drug
Tablets "Calcium gluconate 'take before eating or 1-1.5 hours after it.It is recommended to drink their milk.Adults designate one-three grams of the drug 2-3 times a day.Children under one year give 0.5 grams of the drug, at the age of two to four years - 1 gram, children five to six years - 1-1.5 grams for children seven to nine years - 1.5-2 grams,children ten to fourteen years - 2-3 grams of "Calcium gluconate."A designated amount of the drug should be taken two or three times per day.During pregnancy and during lactation "calcium gluconate" administered 1-3 grams twice or three times per day.The highest daily dose - 9 grams.
contraindications, side effects of the drug "Calcium gluconate»
drug is contraindicated in hypercalcemia (elevated levels of calcium in the blood), severe hypercalciuria (increased urine calcium), hypersensitivity to the drug, while nefrourolitiaze.With care prescribe a drug to patients with electrolyte disturbances, dehydration, diarrhea, with little hypercalciuria, malabsorption syndrome, nefrourolitiaze calcium, atherosclerosis, moderate renal insufficiency, congestive heart failure. contraindicated while taking "Calcium Gluconate" with cardiac glycosides as possible the risk of arrhythmia.
«Calcium Gluconate" can cause constipation, irritation of the gastrointestinal tract.Intravenous or intramuscular injection of the drug may cause diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, bradycardia.When administered intravenously, may receive a general feeling of heat, burning sensation in the mouth, with the rapid introduction can reduce the pressure.