Indoor pulmonary tuberculosis - the most common form of the disease.Mycobacterium infected at least one third of the population, however, open tuberculosis develops in only 5-10% of them.The other germs may be inactive during the whole of human life and not to harm health.The symptoms of TB are no closed form, only a positive blood test for tuberculosis or Mantoux test.Radiography shows no changes in lung sputum gives a negative result, the patient does not feel a malaise.
Closed tuberculosis infected droplets, as well as air-dust by.Mycobacteria are contained in saliva, sputum, mucus open tuberculosis patient.They are distinguished by sneezing, coughing, talking, and then enter the
body of another person by inhalation.Infection occurs in all cases.The most commonly infected with small children and people with immunodeficiencies.However, most infected develops closed form, a substantial portion of it never flows into the open.
closed tuberculosis patient is not able to infect others.Nevertheless, some form of closed switches in the open.Thus, at first any symptoms are absent, but the person becomes contagious.The likelihood of developing active TB is increased in smokers and in people for a long time on the premises, with an increased level of air pollution.Treatment of closed tuberculosis is prescribed only to patients at risk: HIV-infected patients, patients with insulin-dependent diabetes, chronic renal failure, people who abuse alcohol, patients with silicosis.
timely preventive treatment to avoid the activation of tuberculosis, to prevent the development of numerous complications.As a drug therapy using the "INH" and / or "Rifampicin".To identify the disease at an early stage, you need to undergo an annual fluorography.Babies for the detection of tuberculosis make the Mantoux test.Care workers, food service, as well as working with people with suspected TB are not allowed to work.To prevent the development of disease vaccinations, the effect of which lasts about 5 years.