In some situations, the high temperature is dangerous for the child and should be reduced.These cases include: nervous system diseases, severe lesions of the cardiovascular system, a strong deterioration of health of the patient, age of the child up to 3 months, the presence of the medical history of seizures subfebrile.Absolutely harmless antipyretic does not exist, these drugs have contraindications and cause complications.Nevertheless, the most safe for children is now considered "Paracetamol".This tool is manufactured under different names ("Efferalgan" "Panadol"), it has a wide range of dosage forms: tablet, syrup, suppositories, powders.Antipyretic tablets is less efficient, since it acts more slowly.
«Paracetamol" prescribed to children i
n a single dose of 10-15 mg per 1 kg of body weight, not more than 4 times a day.The interval between taking the medicine must be at least 4 hours."Paracetamol" reduced temperature for 2-3 hours 1-1,5oS 30-40 minutes after administration.The second place on the safety and efficacy takes "Ibuprofen" ("Ibufen", "Nurofen").It is used if paratsetamolsoderzhaschy drug did not have the desired action.A single dose of "Ibuprofen" is 5-10 mg / kg, the interval between doses should be at least 6 hours.Multiplicity of reception is not more than 4 times per day.The drug lowers the temperature within 30-40 minutes after administration, its effect lasts 3-4 hours.
effective means is "Nimesulide" ("NIMULID", "Nise"), it is used at a dose of 5 mg / kg / day in 2 divided doses.The drug is effective in reducing the temperature to normal values ​​after 30-40 minutes after oral administration and is effective for 12 hours, including in cases where "Paracetamol" and "Nurofen" no effect.As antipyretic "Nimesulide" is not recommended for wide use, but is not prohibited.Therefore, it is prescribed to children at high temperature with care and in other cases, ineffective drugs in body temperature above 39oS.
«Analgin" as an antipyretic may be administered in the form of candles, and a solution for intramuscular injection in children from the first months of life.It is used only on prescription, and in cases where "Paracetamol" and "Nurofen" does not have the desired effect."Analgin" tablets are not used in children under 12 years because of its irritant effect on the gastrointestinal mucosa.Popular antipyretic drug "aspirin" is contraindicated in children under 12 years old because of the risk of Reye's syndrome (degeneration of the liver).