Usually, the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are considered to be produced by the ovaries.It should be noted that prior to the appointment of a female sex hormone orally in order to correct the menstrual cycle it is advisable to have an idea in advance which phase of the cycle it works, and what specific functions are performed.Furthermore, the tablets, which contain the female hormones, may be used as contraceptives.However, these formulations may contain contraceptive estrogen or progesterone, and have available both hormones.Therefore, to correctly select the female sex hormone as a medical treatment is re
quired to be aware of their function in the body.

There are many drugs that contain estrogen, the recommended replacement therapy after surgery to remove the ovaries, in certain forms of breast cancer, and as contraceptives.Contraindications include: tumors of the uterus and the risk of thrombosis.Often, these drugs are used strictly by the numbers in the specific days of the cycle.The most popular today are the drugs "Ovestin" "Premarin", "Miniziston", "Regulon."

The medicines, which include the female hormone progesterone, are: "Djufaston", "Progesterone," "Utrozhestan."As a rule, they are appointed by the threat of termination of pregnancy, fibrocystic mastitis, premenstrual syndrome, menstrual disorders and endometriosis.Contraindicated in patients with renal and liver failure, diabetes, epilepsy, asthma, high blood pressure, thrombosis, and ectopic pregnancy.

Combined hormonal drugs that contain estrogen and progestin (progesterone) are used for contraception and normalization of menstrual disorders, subdivided into monophasic and three-phase.

functions of estrogen and progesterone

Such important female sex hormone produced in different periods of the cycle, play different roles in the body.Estrogen is produced by the ovaries directly to the first phase of the cycle affect the appearance of secondary sexual characteristics, improve the condition of the skin, helps to increase bone density and the deposition of subcutaneous fat.Progesterone appears at the beginning of the second phase, with the help of ovulation and attachment of a fertilized egg, maintains the pregnancy and prepares the breasts for milk production.

Factors having a negative effect on the hormonal balance

Hormonal balance is of great importance, but it is constantly influenced by various factors: chronic fatigue, stress, age, disturbed sleep, lowered immunity, smoking, drugs, parasites,alcoholism, heredity, medications, disease.