According to the decree of the Government of the Russian Federation №599 from 20 July 2011 "On measures of control in respect of products which contain small quantities of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors included in the list of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances andtheir precursors subject to control in the Russian Federation ", all medicines containing codeine is a part of (or its salt), with June 1, 2012 on the territory of the country will be sold only by prescription.Under the law includes all formulations containing codeine (or a salt thereof) per 20 mg per one dosage, or solid dosage form of 200 mg per 100 ml of the liquid formulation.

initiators of the proposal in 2011 made a number of R
ussian regions.However, at the time the decision to ban OTC codeine preparations postponed.Ural Federal District, Southern Federal District, Tatarstan and other regions by the internal regulations already in the autumn of 2011 limited the number of units of products sold per customer, or completely transferred sale codeine prescription drugs.

reason for the introduction of prescription codeine drugs served as a fact of manufacturing of persons suffering from drug addiction, a special kind of hard drugs.Doctors call it desomorphine, drug addicts, he was called "the crocodile".Its use quickly leads to addiction, as well as deep ulcers at the injection site, peeling skin, crocodile-like scales, and, eventually, death.

desomorphine is the second in the ranking of use and is second only to heroin.Meanwhile, its cost is much lower.

In connection with the introduction of the sale of prescription codeine drugs, such as "Pentalgin", "Kaffetin", "Solpadein", "Nurofen Plus" et al., Significantly reduced the volume of their implementation.Along with this, there is a positive trend in offenses involving the manufacture and trafficking of desomorphine.