Natural sources of folic acid for human
Folic acid, or vitamin B9, is able to synthesize the healthy flora of the small intestine.Much of the vitamin is also received with food.Natural sources of folic acid are leafy vegetables (spinach, asparagus, lettuce), beans, brewer's yeast, liver, cheese, egg yolk. reserves of folic acid are deposited in the liver, erythrocytes and leukocytes.
Which leads to a deficiency of folic acid
Lack of vitamin B9 may be caused by poor quality and malnutrition, diseases of the small intestine, interfere with the absorption of folacin, use of drugs and alcohol.Increased need for folic acid is observed in pregnant women, newborns and young children.Experts usually recommend to start taking folic acid at the planning stage of pregnancy. Folic acid during pregnancy is not only important for the normal development of the fetus, but also for the well-being of the future mother.
What is the role of folic acid in the body
Vitamin B9 plays an important role in metabolism.Folic acid is needed for the synthesis of some amino acids, RNA and DNA, thereby dividing processes, cell growth and development.Without folic acid can not be flow of hematopoiesis - the formation of blood cells (red cells, white cells, platelets).Therefore, the lack of the vitamin can cause anemia - in a simple way, "anemia".
What is dangerous deficiency of folic acid
Pregnant women deficient in vitamin B9 increases the risk of miscarriage, placental abruption, congenital fetal malformations, including neural tube defects, encephalocele, hydrocephalus, and others. In terms of health of the pregnant woman increases the probability of anemia, toxicity, depression, pain in the legs.In infants with a shortage of folic acid can be observed, in addition to anemia, underweight, psychomotor retardation, depression of bone marrow function, the violation of maturation gastrointestinal mucosa and skin.
In adults, vitamin deficiencies of folic acid appears neuritis and polyneuritis, memory disorders, depressive disorders.Severe vitamin A deficiency can lead to serious neuropsychic deviations, violations of the emotional sphere, dementia.The daily requirement for folate for adults is 200-400 mcg.