Currently hypertension apply the following groups of drugs: ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, diuretics (diuretics), angiotensin receptor blockers-II (ARBs), beta-blockers.In addition, the doctor may prescribe medications to treat and prevent diseases associated with hypertension, diabetes, atherosclerosis, nephropathy, coronary heart disease, stroke, retinopathy.
to ACE inhibitors (angiotensin converting enzyme) include: "Capoten", "Enam", "Privin", "Lotenzil", "Monopril," "Alteys", "Akkupril", "Aseon""Mavic" "Univask".These drugs are taken 1 hour before meals.Their mechanism of action is associated with inhibition of the formation of angiotensin in the kidneys, which constricts blood vessels.This process takes place under the influence of a par
ticular enzyme.These drugs block its action, resulting in blood flow to the heart is reduced, it reduces the load on the myocardium.
For drugs, angiotensin receptor blockers II (ARBs) are: "Diovan," "Cozaar", "Avapro," "Atacand."They can be taken on an empty stomach or with food.The effect of their action is the same as that of ACE inhibitors.ARBs block angiotensin receptors, resulting from its action on blood vessels decreases.To calcium channel blockers include: "Amlodipine" "Felodipine," "nifedipine" "Verapamil," "Diltiazem".These drugs are taken with meals.Calcium channel blockers inhibit the transition of calcium ions into cells of the heart and blood vessels, leading to vasodilation.
Beta-blockers ("acebutolol," "Atenolol", "Betaxolol", "bisoprolol," "labetolol" "Nadolol") taken with food or immediately after it.They block in the heart of beta-adrenergic receptors, resulting in neutralizes the effect on them of adrenaline, the heart contracts less often, blood pressure decreases.
Diuretics (diuretics) promote excretion of excess liquid.As a result, the circulating blood volume in the body decreases, decreasing the load on the heart.Small toxicity have thiazide diuretics "Hydrochlorothiazide", "Ezidreks", "chlorthalidone."Strong diuretic effect of loop diuretics show: "Furosemide", "piretanide", "ethacrynic acid."Potassium-sparing diuretics are characterized by delayed urinary excretion of potassium.Often they are used to eliminate edema in patients with heart failure.These drugs include: "Triamterene", "amiloride".