Drugstore laxatives come in the form of tablets, capsules, powders, suppositories, jellies, tea and other forms.Mechanism of action Laxatives are classified into preparations promoting increased stool, osmotic agents, adjuvants, motility and finally softening feces.For each of the selected groups of drugs characterized by its own characteristics, indications, side effects and contraindications.

How do laxatives, stool bulking



drugs from this group of laxatives increase the volume of feces and softens their texture.They do not irritate the bowel, it is not absorbed, and the walls are not addictive.These laxatives are indicated for irritable bowel syndrome accompanied by constipation, diverticulosis of the colon, hemorrhoids, anal fissures, and in the postoperativ
e period after surgery in the anorectal region.

Most of these laxatives produce plant-based.The combination with components that provide the coating and anti-inflammatory effect.Duration of treatment is not limited.Because side effects may experience allergic reactions, increased flatulence, feeling of fullness in the abdomen.These funds are contraindicated in intestinal obstruction, gastrointestinal tract and organic strictures diagnosed hypersensitivity to the drug.

Osmotic laxatives slow down the absorption of water and also help to increase the volume of stool with additional stimulation of intestinal receptors.Ultimately, these medications help to restore the natural urge to stool.These include "Duphalac", "Forlaks", "Fortrans" and others.Osmotic laxatives are used for the treatment of constipation and preparation for the endoscopic and X-ray examinations of the intestine.

Laxatives enhancing motility



These laxatives stimulate the nerve endings in the lining of the colon, thereby amplify and accelerate peristalsis.In addition, they stimulate mucus intestinal walls.For drugs in this group include, for example, "Guttalaks" "Dulkolaks" and others.

Laxatives used for constipation, hypotension caused by the colon (in bedridden patients after surgery and childbirth, old age).With their help, the chair is adjusted with hemorrhoids, proctitis, anal fissures.The use of such laxatives makes sense in the run-up to research or bowel surgery. With simultaneous use of stimulant laxatives motility and cardiac glycosides may increase the action of the past in connection with the intensive leaching of potassium.

Finally, the last group of modern laxatives - it laxatives, softening faeces and facilitate defecation by "lubricating" effect.These include candles "Glycerol" and liquid paraffin.For rectal administration, they have a slight irritating effect on the intestine, so that made it a reflex stimulation of contractile activity, and a stool to move quickly to the exit.Softening laxatives prescribed during pregnancy, low mobility, functional and psychogenic constipation, coprostasis. decreased intestinal motility and appearance of constipation promotes a sedentary lifestyle.This is especially noticeable in older and elderly people.

Folk laxatives



From natural laxative products can be distinguished salt.For bowel cleansing is recommended to drink warm salt water in the morning on an empty stomach.It is considered the most effective with Glauber's salt (sodium sulfate).