Tip 1: How to recognize glucose

Glucose is the body's main source of energy to sustain life.It comes from food composed of simple and complex carbohydrates absorbed in the intestine and then carried by the bloodstream to all organs and systems.To determine the level of glucose in the body examined blood and urine.
you need
  • - meter;
  • - test strips.
Guide
1
easiest study is to determine the level of glucose in the venous blood glucose, it is most often referred to as "blood sugar."It does not require special training.The only requirement is that the morning before the test can not eat and drink, otherwise the result will be unreliable.Normal glucose levels is considered to be a figure falling within the limits of 3,3-5,5 mmol / l.A condition in which glucose levels higher than normal is called hyperglycemia;It does not reach the standards - hypoglycemia.Any significant deviations from the normal values ​​require repeated blood donation and follow-up survey.
2
In addition, there is a so-called test with "sugar load
," which is used to diagnose diabetes.Blood collection is performed twice: first, on an empty stomach, as when the study, and then the patient is given a drink syrup containing 75 grams of glucose.Next, the patient is prohibited anything to eat, drink, smoke, move rapidly or, conversely, to sleep.After 2 hours, during which glucose in the bloodstream and goes partially splits insulin, blood is taken from the vein again.The research results are evaluated as follows: the level of glucose in the second study, up to 7.8 mmol / l - norm 7,8-11,0 mmol / l - prediabetes, above 11.0 mmol / L - diabetes.
3
In diabetic patients average blood glucose level over the past 2-3 months is determined by the value of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1).The study is carried out without any preparation, using the same venous blood.Considered normal HbA1 content of 4% to 5.9%.At higher values ​​increase the risk of complications.
4
blood glucose level can be determined by blood glucose meters - small appliances, which are almost every patient insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.They are equipped with a small needle that punctures the fingertip.A drop of blood, obtained after a puncture, placed on a special test strip that is placed in the device.After some time on the meter display shows the figure indicating the glucose level at the time of the study.
5
glucose contained in the urine.In a healthy human its amount is not more than 0.2-0.3 g / l, which is not defined in urinalysis."Sugar" appears only in diabetic hyperglycemia above 10 mmol / l.

Tip 2: How to distinguish between glucose from fructose

doctors recommend patients who are overweight, are primarily due to the limitation of the use of products containing a large amount of fast carbohydrates.At their cleavage sugar quickly into the blood and leads to weight gain.So many try to buy products without sugar content.But in this case, they usually contain fructose.The answer to the question of how feasible is such a replacement can be obtained only with the ability to distinguish between glucose from fructose.
How to distinguish between glucose from fructose
Guide
1
Glucose and fructose are a class of carbohydrates (sugars).Glucose - a primary source of energy in the body, the cells which are able to absorb it fully for metabolic processes.Fructose, unlike glucose almost completely absorbed by liver cells in which it is converted into fatty acids.Please note that the abuse of products containing fructose can lead to cardiovascular diseases and overweight.
2
glycemic index - a measure of the rate of cleavage product and convert it into easy to digest glucose.Consider that it is much less than the fructose, so products that contain fructose, usually prescribed to patients suffering from diabetes.However, excess weight it is not recommended.
3
Fructose is about half as sweet as sugar, so using fructose, can reduce the intake of sugar.Thus, products with fructose shows people with cholelithiasis, allergies, heart ischemia, etc.It is important to remember completely replace fructose glucose can not be healthy people, as occurs in the liver cells to synthesize fatty acids.This leads to obesity.
4
In certain cases, the use of fructose useful than glucose.For example, prolonged stress of the body: sports, driving in old age.Its features to accelerate the process of alcohol metabolism, strengthen the immune system, stabilize blood sugar levels are used in the production of health food and some medical preparations.
5
important to know that the feeling of satiety depends on the level of blood glucose, fructose and does not affect the feeling of satiety.Therefore, if you do not monitor the amount of edible product with fruit, there is a risk quickly to "earn" overweight.
Sources:
  • how to recognize glucose
Note
glucose levels for any acute conditions (heart attack, shock), pregnancy, in children under 14years vary.
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