International name of paracetamol - acetaminophen.It is analgesic and antipyretic with mild anti-inflammatory properties.Through many decades, during which paracetamol is used in medical practice, the mechanism of action of this drug has been studied in detail, and its effectiveness repeatedly proved.

Indications to receive paracetamol

Paracetamol helps to cope with the pain of mild to moderate intensity.It can be taken with the headache, toothache, neuralgia, muscle pain, painful menstruation, pain in burns and injuries.In addition, acetaminophen is widely used for churning temperature at various infectious and inflammatory diseases.

dosage of paracetamol

single dose of paracetamol for adults - 500 mg maximum dose that can be taken at the same time - 1 g per day can be taken no more t
han 4 grams of acetaminophen.A single dose of paracetamol for infants up to 3 months - 10 mg per kilogram of body weight, for children from 3 months to a year - 60-120 mg, for children up to 5 years - 150-250 mg, for children from 6 to 12 years - 250-500 mg.For adolescents weighing more than 60 kg, the dosage of paracetamol is similar to adults.Paracetamol can be taken by pregnant women and nursing mothers.

Adverse effects of paracetamol

Compared with other painkillers paracetamol little toxic.Therefore, the World Health Organization included in the list of paracetamol safest and most effective drugs and recommends it as an analgesic and antipyretic for children.

However, the use of paracetamol for more than 7 days, especially in high doses, the drug may have a negative effect on the liver, kidney and hematopoietic system.Allergic reactions in the application of paracetamol are very rare and occur in the form of skin rashes and itching.

Contraindications to receive paracetamol

wary paracetamol should take people with liver and kidney disease.In addition, paracetamol should not be used in the presence of alcohol dependence, as alcohol increases the drug hepatotoxic effects.

trade names under which the sale of paracetamol

Paracetamol is the basis of many widely publicized analgesic and antipyretic drugs, including "Efferalgan" "Panadol", "Solpadein", "Migrenol", "Coldrex", "Theraflu""Fervex" and others. In addition, paracetamol is a part of the popular combination of painkillers, as "Citramon", "askofen", "Ibuklin", "Pentalgin", "No-shpalgin" and "Trigan-D."

Method of production of paracetamol are very varied: tablets (regular and effervescent), capsules, ampoules for injections, suppositories, as well as syrups and solutions for children.