antiseptics called a set of measures that aim to destroy microorganisms that breed on the surface of the wound in human organs and tissues.There are several types of antiseptics: mechanical, physical, chemical and biological.The chemical germicide used antiseptics - disinfectants that are used for external treatment of wounds, the surgeon's hands, and surgical instruments in the other cases.Antiseptics are used only for local use, they struggle with the microbes directly in the inflammation.

Antibiotics - a means of biological antiseptics.These drugs act on the microorganisms not only when used topically, but also at an
internal - they penetrate into the body and kill microbes in biological samples.
Antibiotics are less stable compared with antiseptics to the effects of the by-products of tissue inflammation.

antiseptics



Some antiseptics can completely destroy bacteria in open wounds, preventing the decomposition of tissue.Others only can inhibit the growth and reproduction of microorganisms to stop.Today, antiseptics are widely used in all areas of medicine: the healing of small wounds and scratches to the surgeries, to whom the doctors treated hand.
Before the discovery of chemical preservatives used mechanical methods: pus from the wound produced.

With aseptic methods of controlling bacteria in which these organisms is prevented from entering the wound, antiseptics constitute an indissoluble unity.The most common preservatives are modern alcohols, boric acid, hydrogen peroxide, povidone iodine, phenol compounds.All of these and many other substances can affect the microorganisms only by direct contact.



Antibiotics Antibiotics stop the growth and development of bacteria in the domestic use: some substances are able to kill bacteria by destroying their membranes, the other only prevents their reproduction.These compounds can be administered intramuscularly, orally, rectally, intravenously, vaginally - in either case they achieve the purpose and effectively compete with pathogens.

became the first antibiotic penicillin, the opening of which has extended the average life expectancy of a man thirty years.Today there are many different types of antibiotics, which are divided into groups according to their impact on microorganisms.This tetracycline, chloramphenicol, anti-TB drugs, beta-lactam antibiotics.