- - aminopenicillins;
- - cephalosporins;
- - aminoglikozily;
- - fluoroquinol.
When inflammation of the kidney doctor may prescribe antibiotics out of the aminopenicillins - "Amoxicillin" or "Penicillin".However, these drugs are exposed to enzymes produced by pathogens pyelonephritis, and are considered a little effective.Based antibiotics penicillin active substance is mainly used for the treatment of kidney inflammation in pregnant women.Effectiveness of the drug is "Flemoklav Soljutab", referring to the semisynthetic antibiotics.He is also assigned to pregnant women and children from 3 months.The drug consists of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid.In the application of these drugs in patients rarely observed side effects.
strong antibiotic cephalosporin drugs are included in the group of low-toxic semi-natural means.With timely treatment of the active ingredients of antibiotics prevent the transition of acute purulent pyelonephritis in shape.Representatives of this group are "Zinnat", "cephalothin," "Tamitsin", "Cephalexin" and "klaforan."Patients improved since the third day of treatment.
Medicines aminoglycoside used for the treatment of severe pyelonephritis."Netilmicin", "Gentamycin" "Amikacin" exert potent bactericidal effects on pathogenic infection.The big advantage is their nephrotoxicity of aminoglycosides.These drugs are not used for the treatment of elderly patients, as well as re-treatment with an interval of time less than one year.
for the treatment of acute pyelonephritis using fluoroquinol form the first generation, such as "Ofloxacin" and "Ciprofloxacin".Antibiotics are low-toxic and well tolerated by patients of all ages.A fluoroquinol second generation - "lomefloxacin", "Moxifloxacin" and "levofloxacin" are effective in the treatment of chronic forms of inflammation of the kidneys during exacerbations.The drug is contraindicated in case of intolerance of individual elements of medications during pregnancy and breastfeeding.There may also be side effects as bloating, nausea, urticaria, genital candidiasis and dizziness.
The choice of antibiotic depends on the type of pathogen that caused inflammation of the kidneys, and its sensitivity to certain antibiotics.The dosage and duration of treatment is determined by a physician taking into account the renal patient.Also, antibiotic therapy is preceded by computed tomography, ultrasound, and specimen collection.