Guide
1
isotonic solution of glucose (4.5 - 5%) are used to compensate for the loss of body fluid during its dehydration, such as prolonged diarrhea, massive blood loss, or as a power source.Glucose, being distributed in tissues, the energy required for recovery of vitality of the organism.
Isotonic glucose solution are administered subcutaneously, intravenously or rectally as enema.In the case of drug subcutaneously infused glucose bolus of 300 -500 ml or more per injection.Rectal administ
ration - droplets, 200, 500 and 1000 ml.Max consumption means corresponds to 2 liters a day.
When intravenous drip method solution delivered at a rate of up to 7 ml per minute (or 400 ml / h) at 300 - 500 ml.The daily dose for adults and should not exceed two liters.
2
Hypertensive (10, 20, 25 and 40%) glucose solutions are used to accelerate the elimination of toxins from the body through the kidneys, as well as to restore metabolic processes.When administered enhanced osmotic pressure of blood, the heart muscle contractile activity, dilates blood vessels, increases diuresis.
hypertonic saline administered intravenously at 10 - 100 mL per injection.Can be used as a means of droppers.The introduction rate of 10% solution can be up to 60 drops (3 ml) per minute.Permissible daily dose in this case is 250 -300 ml.
3
When using glucose for parenteral nutrition for children first administered dose should not exceed 6 mg solution to 1 kg per day.Subsequent administrations - 15 ml / kg / day.The maximum permissible amount of fluid upon administration 5% and 10% solutions of from 2 to 10 kg is 100 - 165 ml / kg / day, with a weight of 10 to 40 kg - 45 -100 ml / kg / day.The introduction rate of 5% glucose solution can not be greater than 10 ml (200 drops) per minute.