Barrier methods



These funds constitute an obstacle (barrier) on the path of sperm.Barrier contraceptives are divided into male (condoms) and female (diaphragms, caps, spiral).

condom provides double protection - it protects against pregnancy as well as sexually transmitted infections by.When used correctly, this is a very effective and affordable method.It is recommended that in cases of possible infection and contraindications to hormonal contraception.The disadvantages include the inconvenience of use, the possibility of allergic reactions and reduced sexual sensations.

Aperture looks like a thin-walled rubber hemisphere with different diameter circular edge.Of great importance is the size of the select
ion, which involves helping the gynecologist.He will teach and introduce it correctly, since it affects the degree of contraceptive efficacy.

diaphragm need to enter an hour before sexual intercourse, use spermicidal paste at risk of infection.Removing it should be after 8-9 hours after intercourse.Contraindications to this method is expressed by the omission of the genitals.By its reliability is second only to the diaphragm IUD.

IUD placed at the gynecologist, after careful examination, for a long period.It is recommended not to keep it for more than three years, and be sure to visit a doctor to check its condition.The contraceptive effect is based on a spiral thickening of mucus, which prevents sperm to penetrate into the uterus.Spiral ensures almost complete protection against unwanted pregnancy.This method of contraception is harmless, they can take advantage of, and lactating women.We do not recommend this method only giving birth to girls.

Chemical methods



Spermicides - are chemical preparations, spermicides.They are produced in the form of creams, suppositories, foams and vaginal tablets.When used properly, spermicides are fairly effective method, with 85% guarantee.In addition, they provide some protection against sexually transmitted infections.Spermicides are inserted into the vagina before sexual intercourse.Occasionally they can cause a burning sensation and discomfort in the vagina.

Hormonal methods



Steroidal contraceptives were developed in the 60s of the last century, today they are used by millions of women around the world.The action of these drugs is based on the use of synthetic analogues of female hormones that inhibit ovulation.Reliable contraceptive effectiveness depends on competent use and reaches 98%.

hormonal contraceptives is important to choose a specialist, after a serious examination.Modern birth control pills may be composed of only progesterone (mini-pill) or progesterone along with estrogen (combined).Means are combined with the low dose of hormones srednedozirovannye and high doses.

Sometimes gynecologists prescribe contraceptives are not for the contraceptive effect and to restore the hormonal balance.These drugs may decrease the risk of tumor cure inflammatory diseases of the reproductive system, their beneficial effect on the skin, hair and nails.On the other hand, reception of steroids may lead to obesity, menstrual disorders, high blood pressure.

injectable hormonal contraceptives were injected into the upper arm or buttock, their effect lasts for about three months.Puts an injection nurse doctor's prescription.After the cessation of injections may be temporary difficulty conceiving, so this method is not suitable for women who plan to become pregnant soon.The subcutaneous implants of hormonal drugs are administered under the skin in the shoulder area, they provide contraception for five years.

Emergency contraception



Emergency contraception is used after sexual intercourse, these funds should be used in emergency situations, and very rarely, because they contain a high dose of progestogen and have many side effects.But sometimes it's the only way to prevent pregnancy without resorting to abortion.The most popular pills for emergency contraception - "Postinor", "Ginepreston", "eskapel."

Surgical



sterilization, or depriving yourself of the reproductive function is performed only for women after 35 years with at least two children, after serious consultations.During this operation, a bandage or fallopian tubes are cut.Lately carried sparing sterilization imposed clamps on fallopian tubes, which can subsequently be removed and restore fertility.Sterilization can be done and partner.