Spirulina - one of the oldest living organisms on Earth.Scientists suggest that such long-term survival of the organism helped presence in it endonuclease - an enzyme that breaks down the DNA, it helps protect against hostile organisms.

biological characteristics of spirulina

Spirulina Cells having a cylindrical shape, rather large.Their size varies from 0.1 mm to 1 mm, they can be considered even without a microscope.Unlike plant cells, spirulina has no rigid membrane, its envelope consists of mucopolysaccharides.

cells are formed in trichomes - threadlike formations that have spirulina have a spiral shape.It is noticed that in warmer weather trichomes twist stronger and cool straightened.

Like all cyanobacterium, Spirulina is capable of photosynthesis.For this are two substances - the green pigment chlorophyll (such as plants) and
blue - phycocyanin.

for growth and reproduction of spirulina needed warmth and light, so it dwells in the lakes located in the tropics and subtropics.This seaweed is common in Central and South America, Africa and Asia.

use spirulina

Spirulina is rich in nutrients.In the dried form about 60% of the weight of protein.It can not completely replace animal proteins, yet the content of amino acids is superior to other vegetable proteins (such as those found in legumes).Furthermore, spirulina contains many vitamins, beta-carotene and other nutrients, and due to the "soft" cell membrane easily digested.All this makes it an excellent source of food.As such, it used some of the peoples of Central America and Africa.

In today's world, Spirulina is used in medicine as an adjunct in the treatment of many diseases.It improves the immune system, normalizes salt metabolism, promotes weight loss, increases the level of hemoglobin and red blood cells, improves breastfeeding lactation.

produce Spirulina in different dosage forms: powder, tablets, capsules, tincture.It is prescribed for diabetes, obesity, depression, increased whether the reduced pressure, goiter, conjunctivitis, frequent colds.Preparations spirulina contribute to the prevention of cardiovascular disease and anemia.

With spirulina people who adhere to a vegetarian diet, the body's need to compensate for a protein food.
As with any drug, spirulina has contraindications.It is impossible to accept an exacerbation of duodenal ulcers and stomach, as well as kidney disease, where it is recommended to reduce the proportion of protein in the diet food.