¬ęClonidine" indicated for the treatment of hypertension and for the removal of hypertensive crises.In ophthalmology drug use in primary open-angle glaucoma."Clonidine" is also used to reduce the symptoms of alcohol or drug withdrawal due to analgesic and sedative effect.Means produced in the form of tablets, injections, eye drops.It is administered orally, subcutaneously, intramuscularly, intravenously, in the form of installation in the eye.The dose should choose a doctor.
usually for treatment of hypertension "Clonidine" is used in tablet form - 0,075 mg from 2 to 4 times a day.In case of insufficient therapeutic effect of a single dose is increased every 2 days at 0.0375 mg to about 0.15-0.3 mg, which take up to 3-4 times a day.To enhance the efficiency at the same time "Clonidine" appoint saluretics "Methyldopa", "reserpi
ne" and other antihypertensive drugs.Patients treated middle and old age with the appearance of brain vascular sclerosis begin with the minimum number, which leaves 0.0375 mg.The course duration will depend on the efficiency and can last from several weeks to one year or longer.
If pills ineffective, "Clonidine" used intramuscularly, intravenously, subcutaneously.Intramuscularly and subcutaneously administered at 0.5-1.5 ml.If the antihypertensive effect was not enough, injections made up to 3-4 times a day.For intravenous injection of 0.5-1.5 ml of the solution should be diluted in 10-20 ml of "Sodium chloride" and administered slowly for 3-5 minutes.Hypotensive effect in this case appears in 3-5 min., And after 15-20 reaches a maximum.When glaucoma drug is instilled into the affected eye up to 4 times a day.
¬ęClonidine" in the form of eye drops is contraindicated in hypotension, atherosclerosis of brain vessels.Pills and injections can not be used in case of hypersensitivity, atrioventricular block of 2-3 degrees, sick sinus syndrome, severe sinus bradycardia, hypotension, during pregnancy and lactation, at the age of 18 years.During treatment, "Clonidine" can not engage in activities that require quick reaction and attention.Contraindicated for use in patients with alcohol, since it causes drowsiness, sudden pressure drop and leads to violations of the heart.