Properties preparation "Oxytocin»

hormone oxytocin has the ability to increase production of the hormone prolactin, necessary for lactation, and it is necessary for normal smooth muscle of the uterus during childbirth."Oxytocin" is used in obstetric practice for the induction of labor, if it is marked weakness, it causes premature rupture of membranes.

use this medication and during cesarean section."Oxytocin" prescribed to women with weak uterine contractions after childbirth or abortion, for better discharge of milk in the early postpartum period.In gynecology, the drug is prescribed for the treatment of painful menstrual syndrome and some other diseases.

Terms of use and methods of use

This drug is administered intravenously or intramuscularly, as well as used topically "Oxytocin" in t
he cervix.It is administered by intravenous infusion of 5% glucose.To stimulate labor "Oxytocin" prescribed as intramuscular injection of 1 IU with an interval of 30-60 minutes, and intravenously - jet of 1-5 units per 500 ml of 5% glucose under control frequency of contractions and the fetal heart.Continue until the end of the infusion should be giving birth and for some time after the separation of the placenta.Determine the duration of the procedure should obstetrician.

If labors there, but weak and protracted births take also prescribed this drug on a similar basis, under the control of the opening of cervical os, the frequency of uterine contractions and fetal heart.

Severe birth to breech the dose is increased to 2-5 units, he introduced similarly.In some cases, the drug is administered directly into the cervix or the uterine wall after the discharge of the placenta.

for stimulation of lactation, with painful menstrual syndrome "Oxytocin" is used in the form of nasal drops with 0.5 units per 5 minutes before feeding.When PIP - the 20th day of the menstrual cycle on the first day of menstruation.

For the prevention of postpartum haemorrhage "Oxytocin" administered intramuscularly, the dose should be 3-5 units.

Side effects and contraindications to receiving the drug

not use "Oxytocin" if there is a threat of rupture of the uterus, the fetus in the womb has an oblique presentation, fetal head does not match the size of the pelvis, a history of pregnancy - placenta previa.If a woman has previously observed intolerance to the drug, it also can not be used, since in this case the probability of an anaphylactic shock.

From the side-effects of "Oxytocin" says palpitations in the mother and the fetus, lower blood pressure, heart rhythm disturbances.The action of the drug should be supervised by a physician.