you need
  • - syringe;
  • - needle;
  • - vials;
  • - sterile cotton;
  • - alcohol.
Guide
1
Before using lidocaine perform intradermal test for the possibility of increasing the body's sensitivity to the drug.Fine needle enter a small amount of drugs.Evaluate the result after 15 minutes.If the patient is allergic to the tool, in the area of ​​the injection site will swelling and redness.In this case, use other anesthetics.If everything is in order, you can use lidocaine for anesthesia.
2
Prepare a syringe, needle, vial, a sterile cotton wool and rubbing alcohol.
3
Take the vial and shake it, holding it by the neck.Then squeeze the hand and circular movements Separate head.Take the syringe and through the opening to connect it
to the vial.Slowly type the content to it.
4
local anesthetic drug is injected subcutaneously or intramuscularly.Avoid intravascular administration.Depending on the parts of the body, use 40 to 200mg funds.For example, for pain shoulder and sacral plexus, use 100-200mg of lidocaine.If you are dealing with your fingers, ears, nose, enter 40-60mg and so on.The maximum dose for adults is 200 mg.
5
Wipe the injection site with a sterile cotton wool soaked in alcohol, and take a shot.After removing the needle, massage a few seconds another puncture site with a cotton ball.
6
during the use of the drug is required to monitor the ECG.In the case of any violations, reduce the dose or stop medicine.With careful use lidocaine, if the patient suffers heart failure, liver disease, kidney disease, hypotension, or a tendency to hyperthermia.
7
lidocaine Do not mix with other drugs.It precipitates when used with sulfadiazine, metogeksitonom and amphotericin.Also, the drug may be incompatible with ampicillin.
8

Contraindications Lidocaine is contraindicated in patients with renal and (or) hepatic impairment, individual intolerance, transverse heart block, some cardiovascular diseases, myasthenia gravis, pregnancy and lactation, etc.Also, it can not be administered to children under 12 years.
9

Side effects When using the drug may cause dizziness, headache, drowsiness, loss of consciousness, respiratory paralysis, numbness of the tongue, lower blood pressure.In some cases, there is tachycardia, bradycardia, nausea, vomiting, skin rash, anaphylactic shock, etc.